研究生招生信息考研英语每日一篇:《经济学人》读译参考 Day44

每日一篇:《经济学人》读译参考 Day44

19资料

来源:www.juyingonline.com/   作者:聚英聚创考研网    点击量:365    发布时间:2018-06-09

更多信息 福利 辅导资料请添加 jykyw2019
2020考研交流群813369950 2020考研交流群
2019考研交流群556507922 2019考研交流2群

英语是一门需要慢慢积累的学科,想要学好它,速成是不可取的。跟着聚英考研信息网小编每天学一点英语,一起为考研筑起坚实的地基。

经济学人:自由交流:疯狂,恐慌和ICO(2)

Finance and Economics

财经

Free exchange: Manias, panics and ICOs

自由交流:疯狂,恐慌和ICO

This looks like irrationality in action, bound to end in tears.Why, then, should the party continue?Manias are as old as finance, and economists have devoted plenty of time to studying them.Though often blamed on easy credit, human nature alone can goad a raging bull.

译文

这看上去像是行动方面的不理性,注定要在泪水中收场。那么,为什么这场盛宴应当继续下去呢?狂热如金融一样古老,经济学家投入了大把的时间去研究它们。尽管经常被归罪于宽松信贷,但是,单单是人性就能够激发出一头疯牛。


As Charles Kindleberger explained in his book “Manias, Panics and Crashes”, enthusiasm for new markets or technologies frequently results in excessive optimism, which ultimately collides with reality in a spectacular crash.

译文

正如查尔斯·金德尔伯格(Charles Kindleberger)在他的《疯狂、恐慌与崩溃》一书中所解释了的那样,对于新市场或是新技术的热情经常在过度的乐观中走向终点,最终在一场壮观的崩溃中与现实相碰撞。


That seems at odds with the idea of an efficient market, in which asset prices reflect the discounted value of expected future profits, and in which easy, risk-free money is a rarity.But economists have learned that efficiency is a somewhat loose constraint on markets.The discounted value of dividends, for instance, varies by much less over time than stockmarket indices, meaning that people's views of the state of the world gyrate more than history suggests they should.

译文

这似乎有违有效市场思想。有效市场思想认为,资产价格反映的预期未来盈利的贴现价值;低息、无风险的钱是一件稀世珍宝。但是,经济学家清楚,有效是加在市场头上的一种多少有些宽松的紧箍咒。例如,相比股市指数,红利的贴现价值更少地随时间而变化。这表明,人们有关世界状况的观点,波动地比历史所揭示的还要大。


Markets are better at setting prices for individual stocks than in aggregate—in Paul Samuelson's words, they are “micro-efficient and macro-inefficient”.Yet that may be because individual stocks are more likely to provide well-informed investors with opportunities for a quick no-risk profit.The ICO craze certainly appears to entail a departure from reasonable values.Such deviations can happen when taking the pessimistic side of a bet is difficult—shorting stocks, for instance (ie, selling securities the investor does not own in the hope the price will fall).

译文

较之总体,市场更擅长给单支股票定价——用保罗·萨缪尔森的话说就是,它们是微观有效,宏观低效。然而,这可能是因为单支股票更有可能给消息灵通的投资者提供快速无风险获利的机会。ICO狂热无疑会导致对合理价值的背离。这类偏差可能在接受一项赌注的悲观面是很难的时候发生——例如,卖空股票(即带着价格将要下跌的希望卖出投资者不拥有的股票)。


In some accounts of the tech boom of the 1990s, the small float of many new tech stocks made shorting them nearly impossible; as issuance increased, however, bears could have their say, and markets tanked.Housing, too, is famously hard to short; in the global crisis those few financiers who found vehicles to bet against mortgage-backed securities eventually made a fortune.There are some opportunities to short cryptocurrencies, but essentially none for ICO tokens (something those intending to buy might reflect on, if reflection is their thing).

译文

在有关上世纪90年代科技泡沫的一些报道中,许多新技术股票的微量流通股使得卖空几乎不可能;然而,随着发行增加,熊市可能有了发言权。结果,股市一泻千里。房产也是出了名地难以做空;在全球危机中,发现了对赌按揭证券工具的少数几位金融大佬最终都挣了一大笔。虽然存在着一些卖空加密货币的机会,但是,就各种ICO代币而言,基本上是毫无机会的(那些有意买入的人)。


注释

1.human nature 人性

例句:Nothing could extinguish his faith in human nature.

没什么能使他丧失对人性的信念。

2.global crisis 全球危机

例句:Asia has come through the global crisis of 2008-09 with flying colours.

亚洲成功度过了2008-09年的全球危机。

3.over time 随着时间推移

例句:Ground rents are likely to escalate over time.

地租以后可能会逐渐上涨。

4.plenty of 大量;许多

例句:Are there plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet?

你的饮食中新鲜果蔬充足吗?

 

聚英解密考研英语85分通关秘籍

推荐阅读:

每日一篇:《经济学人》读译参考 Day43

四六级考场写作技巧大揭秘(下篇)

   以上是 聚英考研网为考生整理的"每日一篇:《经济学人》读译参考 Day44"的相关考研信息,希望对大家考研备考有所帮助! 备考过程中如有疑问,也可以添加老师微信jykyw2019进行咨询。

   同时,聚英考研网也将实时更新全国各大高校包括招生简章、招生目录、参考书目、报录比、复试分数线在内的研究生招生信息。免费提供考研真题资料下载,考研直播课、考研辅导课程,以及学长学姐高分经验分享、考研干货等内容,欢迎各位考生查询了解。

分享:
备考工具
最新上架
热门备考信息
热门资讯

版权所有 ©2016-2018 juyingonline.com   厦门市思明区聚英教育培训中心

服务热线:400-0811-897    闽ICP备17024727号-1

闽公网安备 35020302001452号