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2020考研英语:《经济学人》中英读译Day178

作者:聚创考研网-赖老师 点击量: 94 发布时间: 2019-10-16 09:48 【微信号:扫码加咨询】


英语阅读能力依靠什么?必然是词汇的积累,但,仅仅是词汇的积累是不够了,更应该了解英语句式,不同句型所表达意义。如何培养自己的阅读语感呢?那么就跟着聚创考研信息网小编每天学一点英语,一起为考研筑起坚实的地基。阅读是需要积累的,就像我们需要经常和人沟通才会促进我们的表达能力一样~小伙伴跟着小编一起,每天坚持打卡,培养英语阅读能力及语感,了解文章一些经典词汇的用法。 


伊斯兰银行:政变之后(1)


"It's like the Midas effect in reverse," says Badiul Majumdar of shujan, an anti-corruption pressure group."Everything the government touches turns not to gold, but rather from gold to dust."He is talking about Islami Bank Bangladesh, which was rocked in 2017 when the government sent military-intelligence operatives to force out senior executives and board members, and replaced them with figures more to its liking.Fears that the boardroom coup would drag down a comparatively well-managed institution in a sector marred by political meddling and cronyism now appear to have been justified.

译文

“就像是倒放的米达斯效应一样,”反腐败压力群体shujan的Badiul Majumdar说到。“政府碰过的一切事物都没变成金子,而是由金子变成了土。”他说的是孟加拉国伊斯兰银行,2017年该银行受到震动,当时政府排除了军事情报特工把银行高管、董事会成员赶了出去,并将更符合政府偏好的人换了进去。通过政治干预和任人唯亲制度,部门内部形成了相对管理良好的制度,人们对这一制度会被拖垮的担心,现在看来也是有道理的。


Established in 1983 as Bangladesh's first bank run on Islamic principles,Islami thrived by handling a large share of remittances from emigrant workers and by lending to the booming garment industry.Its troubles stem from its links with Jamaat-eIslami, Bangladesh's largest Islamist party,which allied with Pakistan during the war of succession of 1971. One of the first acts of  the current prime minister, Sheikh Hasina Wajed,after taking office in 2009 was to set up a court to try war crimes. Leading figures from the Jamaat were sentenced to imprisonment or hanging.If anything, it is surprising it took Sheikh Hasina and her Awami League eight years to go afterIslami—especially given allegations, including from America's government, that it was linked to terrorist organisations.(The bank has denied the accusations and an official investigation launched in 2017 has yet to publish anything.)

译文

伊斯兰银行建于1983年,是孟加拉国首个依据伊斯兰原则运营的银行,通过处理大量移民工人的汇款以及向繁荣的服装行业借贷,该银行蓬勃发展。它的麻烦源自它和孟加拉国最大伊斯兰政党伊斯兰大会党的关联,在1971年独立战争中,该政党与巴基斯坦结盟。现任总理谢赫·哈西娜·瓦吉德在2009年就职后的首项举措之一就是设立法庭审判战犯。来自扎马特组织的主要人物被判处监禁和绞刑。尽管如此,谢赫·哈西娜和她的人民联盟竟花了八年时间追击伊斯兰银行—尤其是鉴于包括来自美国政府在内的指控称它和恐怖组织有联系。(该银行否认了这些指控并且2017年发起的一项官方调查仍未发表任何声明。)


A second purge last year replaced more suspected Jamaat sympathisers with government allies.Bangladesh's state-owned banks have always had government men on their boards and in management, who lend to their allies."But now this is happening in private banks like Islami Bank, too,"says Fahmida Khatun, the director of the Centre for Policy Dialogue, a think-tank in Dhaka.

译文

去年的第二次清洗将更多疑似扎马特的支持者换成了政府盟友。孟加拉国国有银行的董事会和管理层中一直有政府的人,他们会向他们的盟友借款。“但现在像伊斯兰银行这样的私营银行也在发生同样的事情,”达卡智囊团政策对话中心主任法赫米达·卡敦说到。


According to a report by Bangladesh's central bank, many of the loans Islami has granted have breached financial regulations.The report highlighted loans to six companies belonging to Nassa Group, a giant of the garment industry,which it says were granted without taking the required collateral and ignoring the fact thatthere were several Nassa subsidiaries that had defaulted in the past.

译文

根据孟加拉国中央银行的一份报告,伊斯兰银行批准的很多贷款都违反了财务条例。该报告强调了贷给六家从属服装业巨头Nassa集团的贷款,报告表示这些贷款都没有收取必须的抵押物并且还忽视了一个事实—有几家Nassa子公司在过去存在违约行为。


注释

1.anti-corruption 反腐败

He has also launched an anti-corruption campaign.

他还发起了一场反腐败努力。


2.force out 把...赶走

They are slowly but steadily beginning to force out the illegal copies.

他们慢慢地并且稳步的排挤的盗版产品。


3.booming 繁荣的

An economic boom followed, especially in housing and construction.

接着是一个经济的繁荣,尤其在住房和建筑方面。


4.default 违约

The credit card business is down, and more borrowers are defaulting on loans...

信用卡业务出现了下滑,而且越来越多的借款者都不按期还款。



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