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2025考研英语:《经济学人》中英读译Day66

作者:聚创考研网-王老师 点击量: 193 发布时间: 2024-04-13 09:18 【微信号:13306030226】


英语阅读能力依靠什么?必然是词汇的积累,但,仅仅是词汇的积累是不够了,更应该了解英语句式,不同句型所表达意义。如何培养自己的阅读语感呢?那么就跟着聚创考研网小编每天学一点英语,一起为考研筑起坚实的地基。阅读是需要积累的,就像我们需要经常和人沟通才会促进我们的表达能力一样~小伙伴跟着小编一起,每天坚持打卡,培养英语阅读能力及语感,了解文章一些经典词汇的用法。


经济学人:嘻哈音乐将变得更全球化(上)


Culture Hip-hop turns fifty: going on tourAmerica has dominated hip-hop for decades, but the future of the genre will be decidedly less American.To understand hip-hop’s future, look no further than the lead single on the album “Utopia”, by Travis Scott.Mr Scott is American, but the song’s beat is part-Brazilian, inspired by bailes funk, a cousin of hip-hop born in the favelas.Featured on the track is the Weeknd, a Canadian sensation, and Bad Bunny, a Puerto Rican who raps in Spanish and has been the world’s most-streamed artist for three years on Spotify.The song’s title is “K-Pop”, perhaps referring to the drug ketamine (but also generating interest from fans of Korean pop).One critic has called it a “diabolically stupid plan to create the most popular song in the world”, by bringing stars and elements of global hip-hop into a single tune.It worked: the song recently climbed American charts.Since its supposed origin at a block party in New York on August 11th 1973, hip-hop has become the most popular musical genre in America, together with R&B.
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文艺版块 嘻哈音乐满五十岁了:开启全球巡演。几十年来,美国一直主导着嘻哈音乐,但未来这一音乐类型肯定不会那么美国化。要想了解嘻哈音乐的未来,只需看看特拉维斯·斯科特的专辑《乌托邦》的主打单曲。斯科特是美国人,但这首歌的节奏带有巴西特色,灵感来自里约放克音乐,里约放克诞生于巴西贫民窟。受嘻哈音乐影响而产生。演唱这首歌的还有加拿大巨星威肯和来自波多黎各、用西班牙语说唱的坏痞兔,坏痞兔是Spotify上连续三年全球播放量最高的歌手。这首歌的名字是《K-Pop》,可能指的是毒品氯胺酮(但也引起了韩国流行乐迷的兴趣)。一位评论家称这首歌将各国的嘻哈明星和元素融入到一个曲调里,是“一个超级愚蠢的创造全世界最流行歌曲的计划”。但这种办法奏效了:这首歌最近登上了美国各大排行榜。自从(据说是)1973811日在纽约的一个街区派对上诞生以来,嘻哈音乐已经成为美国最受欢迎的音乐类型,同样受欢迎的还有节奏布鲁斯。

 

(Hip-hop is technically a larger lifestyle category but is often used interchangeably with rap.)It has shaped culture in black America’s image and has become so much a part of America’s identity that the State Department even runs a “hip-hop diplomacy” scheme, which sends rappers, DJs and breakdancers abroad.Next year breakdancing, which emerged at early hip-hop parties, will officially become a new Olympic sport.Hip-hop’s past 50 years have been heavily American, with many stars and songs emerging there.But America’s hip-hop dominance in the next half-century will not be as great.That is for two reasons.First, the geographical centre of hip-hop is shifting: first from New York City and Los Angeles, then to southern cities like Atlanta in the 2000s, and now to everywhere.Many of the most influential new hip-hop stars are no longer African-American.Take the very good Bad Bunny, whose song, “Me Porto Bonito”, has been streamed 1.5bn times on Spotify since its release last year.
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(从定义上讲,嘻哈指的是一种更广泛的生活方式,但使用时经常和说唱互换。)

嘻哈音乐塑造了以美国黑人为形象的文化,并成为美国身份的重要部分,美国国务院甚至实施了“嘻哈外交”计划,将说唱歌手、DJ和霹雳舞者送往国外。在早期嘻哈派对中出现的霹雳舞,明年将正式成为奥运会的一项新运动。在过去50年里,嘻哈音乐一直是美国人的天下,许多明星和歌曲都在美国涌现。但在接下来的半个世纪里,美国的嘻哈音乐霸主地位将不会那么强大。其中有两个原因。首先,嘻哈的地理中心正在转移:首先是纽约和洛杉矶,然后在本世纪前十年转移到亚特兰大等南方城市,现在已经遍地开花。许多最具影响力的嘻哈新星不再是非洲裔美国人。以很棒的坏痞兔为例,他的歌曲《我乖乖听话》自去年发布以来,在Spotify上的播放量已达15亿次。


(That is around 38% more than the Beatles’ most-streamed song, “Here Comes the Sun”, released in 1969 and added to Spotify in 2015.)Central Cee, one of Britain’s most popular rappers, took drill, a subgenre of rap born in Chicago, repackaged it in London and exported it back to America.Americans learn British slang from him on TikTok and at shows: “In London I’m verified; in New York I’m valid.”Far from tightening the West’s grip on cool, the internet has dropped rap’s already low barriers to entry: anyone with a voice, microphone and internet connection can release a verse.A greater pool of talent is one reason that people in many countries increasingly listen to local rap rather than American hip-hop artists.“People want to see themselves represented,” says Aori Sauthon, a rapper and Brazilian hip-hop music executive.
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(这比披头士乐队播放量最高的歌曲《太阳来了》高出约38%,这首歌于1969年发布,并于2015年加入Spotify)英国最受欢迎的说唱歌手之一Central Cee将诞生于芝加哥的drill音乐(说唱音乐的一个子流派)在伦敦重新包装,然后再输入回美国。美国人在TikTok和各种节目上从他那里学到英国俚语:“我是伦敦人,也在纽约玩。”互联网非但没有加强西方对嘻哈音乐的控制,反而降低了本就不高的说唱门槛:只要能发出声音、有麦克风、有网络,就可以在网上发一段说唱。说唱歌手变多是许多国家的人越来越多地听本土说唱,而不是美国嘻哈歌手的原因之一。“人们希望看到歌里写的是自己。”说唱歌手、巴西嘻哈音乐主理人奥里·索顿说。


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